Exercise 1.4 Frame

Exercise 1.4 Frame

The final exercise of this project makes use of the viewfinder grid display of a digital camera. This function projects a grid onto the viewfinder screen to help align vertical and horizontal lines, such as the horizon or the edge of a building, with the edge of the frame. If your camera doesn’t have a grid display, imagine a simple division of the viewfinder into four sections.

Take a good number of shots, composing each shot within a single section of the viewfinder grid. Don’t bother about the rest of the frame! Use any combination of grid section, subject and viewpoint you choose.

When you review the shots, evaluate the whole frame, not just the part you’ve composed. Take the same approach you used to evaluate the point and line exercises: examine the relationship of elements to the frame. Composition is part of form and formal analysis will be a useful skill for your exercises and assignments as you progress through the course.

Select six or eight images that you feel work individually as compositions and also together as a set. If you have software for making contact sheets you might like to present them as a single composite image. Add the images to your learning log together with technical information such as camera settings, and one or two lines containing your thoughts and observations.


I used my Nikon D750. As well as exploring the exercise and frame composition. I set out to explore the use of contrasting colour within the frame so I wanted to ensure there was something colourfully vivid in a single section of the divided frame. I explored with different viewpoints, sometimes placing the same subject in different sections and afterwards I decided which I felt were the most visually appealing as a whole frame. I chose to explore the use of colour within this exercise since, as shown by my first assignment, I am usually more drawn to black and white. This exercise enabled me to push out of my usual comfort zone and concentrate on colour within a frame and the impact it can have.

These are all the photos I took for this exercise:

From these photos above, I chose six images that worked well individually and as a set.

Although, when I set out to capture my photographs, I didn’t intend on capturing so many red things. That was more incidental to my location. However, I felt the colour tied these particular photos in well to each other as a set, not only because the objects are red but because the backgrounds have a similar palate. All of these objects are also not natural to their surroundings, they have all been placed specifically which adds to the strength of the contrast within the frame.

As well as a singular point, which immediately draws the eye, the sign is leaning towards the perspective line created by the road and the fencing. This leads my eye further into the picture, the lines lead somewhere within the frame, creating a sense of depth, however the end is obscured which creates a sense of “what is around the corner”.

With this photo, the reliance of drawing the eye is solely on the red flowers, this makes use of a point well, since there are no strong leading lines or other points within the frame and no real sense of direction.

My eye is drawn in from the bottom left corner to the wheelbarrow and horizontally along the fence, since the wheelbarrow seems to point in this direction. Having a little foreground in the frame gave this photo an anchor and having a low horizon gives an open feeling of space. This would have worked well in another way had the sky had some interest or definition such as clouds. The red wheelbarrow would have drawn the eye up above the horizon. However, this photo gives me a sense of calm which I enjoy.

There are two leading lines of the fencing which both meet at the red plastic jump stand. My eye is drawn in from the left, paused for a second on the red object and then carried along the wire fence line to the bench. This uses the red object well to guide the eye to the bench as opposed to being the main point of focus within the picture.


The jump poles are lines themselves and since they contrast well in their surroundings my eye is lead into the picture to the perpendicular lines of the fence behind and then horizontally to the seat.

This red roller gives this photo some balance and an anchor to the plain sky above it. My eye is lead up the handlebar to the line of the flint wall and along to the building next to it.